Anthony R. Segura

77 sugar creek center blvd, SUITE 565
Phone 281-240-3941



Anthony R. Segura

Attorney at Law

77 Sugar Creek Center Blvd, Suite 5

Sugar Land, Texas 77478




You have only 15 days from the date of arrest to request a hearing to save your driver's license.

If you fail to request the hearing your license, permit or privilege to operate a motor vehicle will automatically be suspended or denied effective 40 days from the date of your arrest.  (Learn More)

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Sugar Land DWI FAQ's
Get quick answers to frequently asked questions concerning your Sugar Land DWI arrest.  (Go to FAQ's)


The Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFST) battery is composed of three tests: Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN), Walk-and-Turn (WAT), and One-Leg Stand (OLS).  The tests were developed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in the late 1970's. In 1981, law enforcement officers began using NHTSA's Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFST) battery at roadside to help determine whether motorists who are suspected of DWI have blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) greater than 0.10 percent. Since 1981, however, many states including Texas have implemented laws that define DWI at BACs below 0.10.

The validity of SFST results is dependent upon officers following the established, standardized procedures for test administration and scoring.  According to NHTSA when properly administered and scored, under laboratory conditions, the accuracy of the SFSTs in correctly identifying intoxicated drivers is as follows

             HGN - 77%

             WAT - 68%

             OLS - 65%

This means that even under laboratory conditions, the HGN was wrong 23% of the time, the WAT 32% and the OLS 35% of the time.  Additionally, NHTSA's own research emphasizes that test results are valid only when administered in strict compliance with NHTSA protocol.  If anyone of the standardized field sobriety elements is changed, the validity is compromised.  It is therefore imperative to have your attorney review the manner in which the SFSTs was administered.  Your lawyer may be able to suppress the results of an improperly administered test.


"Nystagmus" means an involuntary jerking of the eyes.  HGN refers to an involuntary jerking occurring as the eyes gaze toward the side.  In addition to being involuntary the person experiencing the nystagmus is unaware that the jerking is happening.  The theory behind the test is that nystagmus becomes readily noticeable when a person is impaired.

In administering the test the officer has the subject follow the motion of a stimulus with the eyes only.  The stimulus may be the tip of a pen or penlight, an eraser on a pencil or a fingertip.  As the eyes move from side to side each eye is examined for three specific clues:

  • Lack of Smooth Pursuit - does the eye move slowly or does it jerk noticeably?


  • Distinct Nystagmus at Maximum Deviation - when the eye moves as far to the side as possible and is kept at that position for several seconds, does it jerk distinctly?


  • Onset of Nystagmus Prior to 45% - as the eye moves to the side, does it start to jerk prior to a 45% angle? 


Officers frequently fail to properly administer the HGN.  It is crucially important for your attorney to review the videotape, if available to ascertain whether the test was properly administered or whether suppression of the results is possible.


The WAT is a divided attention test consisting of two stages: Instruction Stage; and Walking Stage.  In the instruction stage, the subject must stand with their feet in heel-to-toe position, keep their arms at their sides, and listen to instructions.  The subject must maintain the heel-to-toe position and may not begin walking until all instructions are given.  In the Walking Stage the subject takes nine heel-to-toe steps, turns in a prescribed manner, and takes nine heel-to-toe steps back, while counting out loud and watching their feet.  Officers observe the subject's performance for eight clues:

          can't balance during instructions

          starts too soon

          stops while walking

          doesn't touch heel to toe

          steps off line

          uses arms for balance

          loses balance on turn or turns incorrectly; and

          takes the wrong number of steps

A subject who exhibits two or more clues will fail the test.  Scoring is entirely subjective and within the officer's discretion.  


The OLS is also divided into two stages.  In the Instruction Stage, the subject must stand with feet together, keep arms at side and listen to instructions.  In the Balance and Counting Stage, the subject must raise the leg of his choice approximately 6 inches off the ground, toes pointed out, keeping legs straight.  While looking at the elevated foot, count out load in the following manner: "one thousand and one", "one thousand and two", etc, until told to stop.  The officer will instruct the subject to stop after 30 seconds.  The subject is observed for the following clues:  

          sways while balancing

          uses arms to balance


          puts foot down

A subject who exhibits 2 or more clues, as determined by the officer, will fail the test.